Urine varies in appearance, depending principally upon a body’s level of hydration, as well as other factors.
Normal urine is a transparent solution ranging from colorless to amber but is usually a pale yellow. In the urine of a healthy individual the color comer primarily from the presence of urobilin.
Urobilin in turn is a final waster product resulting from the breakdown of them from hemoglobin during the destruction of aging blood cells.
- Colorless urine indicates over-hydration, generally preferable to dehydration(though in can remove essential salts from the body). Colorless urine in drug tests can suggest an attempt to avoid detection of illicit drugs in the blood stream through over-hydration.
- Yellow / gold – the most typical urine color , indicative of a healthy urinary tract . Yellow will intensity depending on hydration , some B vitamins cause bright yellow urine
- Pale straw to amber or honey – lighter shades of yellow indicate that you are probably well hydrated but as the color darkens , it could be a sign you need to refuel with fluids .
- Yellowing or light orange way be caused by removal l of excess B vitamins from the blood stream
- Dark orange or brown urine is cause for concern . This way mean you have bile in your urine or a problem with your liver.
- Brown urine can be caused by : extreme dehydration , consumption of fave beans , melanuria (too many particles in urine ), kidney stone, kidney tumor or blood clot, a Addison’s disease, glycosuria, renal artery stenosis, proteinuria, pituitary problem (ADH, or anti diuretic hormone).
- Blue or green color is very rare. While some little –known diseases, including porphyria, an inherited enzyme condition, can result in a person having blue or green urine, a change in urine color wouldn’t be the first sing of disease among sufferers. Blue color also can be caused by: artificial colors in foods, drugs, bilirubin and medications such as methylene blue.
- Red or pink can be caused by: lematuria (fresh blood in the urine) related to urinary tract infection (UTI), kidney stone, or red foods such as beets, blueberries, red food dyes, rhubarb, iron supplements, Pepto-Bismoll, Maalox, and a variety of other drugs , classic “port wine” color may indicate porphyria ( genetic disorder )